The Linear Pottery (LBK) Culture and Moravian Painted Ceramics (or Pottrery) Culture
Between the cadastral areas of two villages, Těšetice and Kyjovice, there was a settlement of people of the Moravian Painted Ceramics (or Ware) culture, dating from 6,800-6,000 years ago. Several nearly complete ceramic Venus figurines and a lot of their fragments (more than a hundred) have been found there.
An interesting part of the settlement was a roundel, a Neolithic circular enclosure consisting of timber palisades and ditches, 62 metres across, with four entrances. The entrances were situated opposite each other, as if making up the endpoints of a sun cross.
To be exact, the Těšenice-Kyjovice area was occupied by people of several cultures (in the Neolithic, Bronze, and early Iron ages) and two of them (the oldest ones) produced Venuses. (The younger cultures did not produce Venuses, as explained on the homepage.) Besides the above-mentioned Culture of the Moravian Painted Ceramics, it was also the older Linear Pottery Culture (6,600-7400 years before present), also called LBK Culture (from German Linearbandkeramik). There has been found an exceptional vessel with noticeable female features dating from this time.
The archaeological site is located on a slight slope above the small river of Únanovka, about 2 km west of the village of Těšetice. It is an agricultural area, a field on the edge of a wood. The landscape is quite different from the landscapes of the Palaeolithic archaeological sites. No wonder, as the then people were not hunters and gatherers any more, but early agriculturalists.
Těšetice is located in the region of the town of Znojmo (34,000 inhabitants). (Here is the Wikipedia website on Znojmo.) Znojmo lies about 60 km south-west of Brno, and Těšetice is about 10 km north-east of Znojmo.
The Venus shaped vessel of the Linear Pottery Culture from Těšetice-Kyjovice
|Diameter of the upper part||63 mm|
|Diameter of the belly||83 mm|
Two examples of the Venuses of the Moravian Painted Ceramics Culture from Těšetice-Kyjovice:
The information boards were erected thanks to the European Union, European Social Fund in the Czech Republic, Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, Education for Competitiveness and Masaryk University in Brno.