Places of Pre-Christian, Pagan cultures at the heart of Europe connected with female figurines
The Aurignacian Culture
The Venus of Hohle Fels is the oldest of all Venuses. It was discovered in the cave of Hohle Fels.
The cave is inside a limestone rock outcrop, and is located in Achtal, a wide valley of the small river Ach,
a tributary of the Blau River (which is a tributary of the Danube), in Baden-Württemberg, southern Germany.
In the same valley, about 3 km from the Hohle Fels, there is another important archaeological site, the Cave of Geissenklösterle,
where a Palaeolithic-Aurignacian small bas-relief of a human (of unidentified sex) with raised arms (dubbed worshipper) and figurines of various animals were found.
The valley is dotted with limestone rock formations, and can be considered as a typical sacred landscape.
The Hohle Fels cave is located between the towns of Schelklingen (some 1.5 km) and Blaubeuren (about 5 km), and approximately 17 km west of Ulm.
Like Willendorf, Ulm lies on the Danube River. It is the birthplace of the famous scientist Albert Einstein.
In Blaubeuren, there is a resurgence of the Ach River (Urspring) near Schelklingen, and a large resurgence of the Blau River (Blautopf).
The area is part of the UNESCO’s biosphere reserve Swabian Jura (Schwäbische Alb).